Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis (HIRA)
Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis (HIRA) is a term that include comprehensively all activities involved in identifying the hazards and evaluating risk associated with them, at different stages of the project, to make sure that risks to employees, the general public, or the environment are controlled within tolerance limit accepted by organization’s management.
These studies typically address three main questions.
The concept is to perform only the level of analysis necessary to reach a decision, because insufficient analysis may lead to poor decisions and excessive analysis and wastage of resources.
Objective of the Study
- To identify all reasonably foreseeable hazards at the facility that may cause a major accident.
- To identify the nature of major accidents that may occur at the facility, the likelihood of a major accident occurring and the likely consequences of a major accident.
- To provide a basis for identifying, evaluating, defining and justifying the selection of control measures for eliminating or reducing risk, and to therefore lay the foundations for demonstrating the adequacy of the standards of safety proposed for the facility.
- To provide the employer and employees with sufficient objective knowledge, awareness and understanding of the risks of major accidents at the facility;
- To provide practical effect to the employer’s safety report philosophy
- To identify the existing safeguards available to control the risks due to the hazards
- To suggest additional control measures to reduce the risk to acceptable level
- To prepare a Risk Register that will help in continuously monitoring these risks, detect any changes and ensure the controls are effective.